The shells huts are so named because of their conical form, streaked by many grooves that serve as scaffolding during construction, buttresses and water drainage system. They are huts built only with clay, straw and vegetable glue with 3 and 4 or even 8 meters high; they are sensitive to rain and this construction lasted about 6 months. This typical Mousgoums tribes habitat of the far north of Cameroon has disappeared in favor of ordinary round huts. Indeed, the last original huts disappeared in the 70s. It was only in the 80s that a rescue architectural heritage operation was undertaken for tourism purposes. To this end, shells huts were reconstructed mainly in MOURLA in 1996/1997 by the NGO “Heritage without Borders” and in POUSS by USAID.
The composition of a Mousgoum traditional home includes 5 huts. One for the head of the family, two for women, one for the kitchen and one for the livestock. In the center is a millet granary. The 5 huts are connected by a wall of clay which is only accessible through a gate locked at night.
Outside the enclosure, the palaver tree is fitted with a set of ground “seats”.